what is the difference between the february and october revolutions

what is the difference between the february and october revolutions

In Russia, the February Revolution (known as such because of Russia’s use of the Julian calendar) begins when riots and strikes over the scarcity of food erupt in Petrograd. Take note that the February and October Revolutions actually took place on the eighth of March and the seventh of November respectively in 1917 according to the calendar currently in standard global use. The demonstrations continued until the old order of government collapsed under the weight of the revolution. Turning now to the October Revolution, the role of women is somewhat different, but also very significant. Curtiss, John Shelton. The crowds ended up turning on the police, killing many and burning down police stations. If this is not the case, you might find this answer unsatisfactory. ... And what are the similarities between the october revolution and the February revolution? By October a new government was founded led by the Bolsheviks. For 303 years the Russian Tsar came from the House of Romanov. the first was a corp of cadets still in school who quickly fled their posts and valiantly laid siege to the wine cellar. A Soviet depiction of the tsar surrendering the crown. Lenin's government, as promised, transferred "all power to the soviets" and made them supreme abiters of decision making (though of course he would claim a lot of power for himself under a "dictatorship of the proletariat"). Russian Revolution, also called Russian Revolution of 1917, two revolutions in 1917, the first of which, in February (March, New Style), overthrew the imperial government and the second of which, in October (November), placed the Bolsheviks in power. Mainly through the efforts of Leon Trotsky, an aid to the Bolshevik party, their takeover was a meticulously organized plan to target and take over various points in Petrograd such as railroad stations, banks, telephone service areas, and places of media production. The February Revolution was a rebellion started by the peasants. The provisional government also instituted a number of reforms in it's brief tenure including the abolition of capital punishment, reaffirmed freedom of speech and of the press. Fitzpatrick, Sheila. The number of demonstrators mounted up to 300,000 in several days and there was much violence. Thompson, John M. Revolutionary Russia, 1917. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, Inc., 1990. Any way thank u sooooo much. There were four Russian Revolutions. Quizlet flashcards, activities and games help you improve your grades. It is evident that they were indeed the most reliable because the Cossacks, inukers, and many others abandoned the Winter Palace, which was the final standing structure not yet taken by the Bolsheviks, leaving only the Women’s Battalion and a some young cadets to defend the Palace. Women protesters, marching on International Women's Day (March 8th in the Gregorian Calender, February 23rd in Russia) started the February Revolution through their protests, which was also a protest against the governments harsh food rations. The February Revolution was on. The provisional government after the Czars(king) were overturned by a group of revolutionaries called the Bolsheviks led by Lenin. February was the culmination of various tensions among the masses, while October came about from a concentrated and organized political effort. This was simply because Russia was fighting in … 1 See answer shibanidash3523 is waiting for your help. The February revolution happened in March 1917 while the October revolution happened in November 1917. It is apparent from this that women played the greatest role in the beginning stages of the February Revolution, the groundbreakers so to speak. The tension caused by food shortages and other hardships of the particularly harsh winter were felt by everyone, “especially the women who had to wait in line for hours in the bitter cold, sometimes to find that there was no food to be had” (Curtiss 29). What is the difference between the February revolution and the October revolution? To put it simply, February was a liberal revolution (if such a concept is possible) whereas October was a socialist revolution. The conflict between the "diarchy" became obvious, and ultimately the regime and the dual power formed between the Petrograd Soviet and the Provisional Government, instigated by the February Revolution, was overthrown by the Bolsheviks in the October Revolution. The February Revolution happened before the October Revolution. Im diving into the intricacies of the Russian revolution, and I gathered that the monarchy was abolished in the former, but the soviets were able assert full state control in the latter. New York: The Free Press, 1979. In the revolution of February, it was many women who started off the demonstrations and general revolt characteristic of that revolution, followed by the joining of many other civilians and even troops who were assigned to disperse the crowds. I am assuming your question is historical and refers to the different political parties participating in the Russian Revolution(s) and that by “class 9”, you mean high school. How far do you agree with this verdict? The armed seizure of power was organised and conducted by the Bolsheviks, acting the name of Russias Soviets. Then in October, a second Russian Revolution placed the Bolsheviks as the leaders of Russia, resulting in the creation of the world's first communist country. The Russian Revolution began in February 1917 with an uprising that brought down the hated Tsar. - looking carefuly how the communism (bolshevism) begun, developed and ended up, we realise that it was an experiment, an anti-thesis to the capitalism system. The Russian Revolution. 1 See answer shibanidash3523 is waiting for your help. The indirect causes of the 1905 Revolution laid in the social, political, agrarian, and industrial developments that marked the preceding century. A drunk man fell from a balcony. Write three similarities between February and October revolution ? Russian Revolution, two revolutions in 1917, the first of which, in February (March, New Style), overthrew the imperial government and the second of which, in October (November), placed the Bolsheviks in power. They both, however, resulted in major governmental reform. In 1917, Russians march against their monarchy over the scarcity of food with riots and strikes. Often major historical events come about because of a combination of long-term and short-term causes. Write three similarities between February and October revolution ? Skip Navigation. Tension among the people accumulated as the months leading to February 25 “had been a continuous battle to make ends meet in the face of rising prices and to find enough fuel and food to keep from freezing and starving” (Thompson 18). Despite general assumptions that women are not as revolutionary as men, “it was women workers whose strike on International Women’s Day [(February 23)] had precipitated the February Revolution” (Fitzpatrick 47). Army troops and special force divisions were deployed in order to disperse the crowd, but after the first day, most decided to mutiny against the government and join the demonstrators, greatly increasing their numbers and force. Vladimir Ilyich Lenin, leader of the Bolsheviks, was living in exile when the … February was a revolution with a broad base of support. This caused social breakdown and reduced faith in the government. The Russian Revolution. Why was Luther able to challenge the Church so successfully. Women in October were amongst the last to defend the Provisional Government's headquarters from Lenin's coup, the other soldiers having either defected or deserted. Halliday, E. M. Russia in Revolution. For convenience I will stick to dates on the Julian Calender. As a result of being outnumbered, these defending women fell as the Bolshevik revolutionaries took the Winter Palace, and in effect, overthrew the Provisional Government. As the Russian Revolution of 1905 progressed, Bolsheviks, Mensheviks, and smaller non-Russian social democratic parties operating within the Russian Empire attempted to reunify at the 4th Congress of the RSDLP held in April 1906 at Folkets hus, Norra Bantorget, in Stockholm.When the Mensheviks made an alliance with the Jewish Bund, the Bolsheviks found themselves in a minority. Malabar: Krieger Publishing Company, 1957. The February 1917 revolution produced a democratic, republican government, with a, defacto, seperation of powers between the Duma (Russia's elected parliament created after the revolution of 1905) and the Soviets, workers councils also formed during 1905 and later, which until 1917 had no real political power. This stands in contrast to the open fire taken on the crowds of February, and their equally violent retaliation. So trade unions grew in number. Add your answer and earn points. The February Revolution had dramatically increased the already high rate of … There exists a point of comparison when one considers how both revolutions were greatly influenced by the role of women. It's more accurate to say that the provisional government dropped power than to say Lenin seized it. The climactic actions of both revolutions contrast in a similar way that the culminating factors behind them do. In 1917, two revolutions completely changed the fabric of Russia. Russian Revolution study guide by moonlight25 includes 57 questions covering vocabulary, terms and more. This feminist perspective offers insight into the often unrecognized contribution that women make in shaping history. Left-wing Democracy”. The February Revolution was followed in the same year by the October Revolution, bringing Bolshevik rule and a change in Russia's social structure, and paving the way for the USSR. Both will be analyzed with respect to their beginning stages, climax and immediate reaction, and a final point to dwell on the significant role of women apparent in both instances. The Bolshevik army took advantage of Russian’s military situation in … What is the difference between the February revolution and the October revolution? February was a revolution with a broad base of support. The Mir system was unjust and backward, causing the farmers great grief by requiring them to make installment payments to the government, in additi… Both resulted in political reform, but the means by which this was achieved as well as the time the overthrown governments had been established greatly differs. Carr, Edward Hallett. However, far from the bloody struggle one might expect when hearing the word "socialism", Lenin seized power without a fight. Add your answer and earn points. Far from the benignity one might expect from hearing the word liberal, the Provisional Government was born in blood, off the backs of a disgruntled working class it never could quite win over. The October Revolution began in April when Vladimir Lenin drew together a Soviet party, the Bolsheviks, in order to overthrow the then currently established Provisional Government. Im diving into the intricacies of the Russian revolution, and I gathered that the monarchy was abolished in the former, but the soviets were able assert full state control in the latter. The mounting tension preceding the February revolution ultimately culminated in the breakout of demonstrations on the streets of Petrograd by those frustrated with food and fuel shortages, as well as those who lost employment as a result of factory closure. 2.both revolutions were against Russian empire. A rumour that the government was planning to implement a ration policy on bread prompted many to flock to bakeries and greatly exhaust the supplies (Pipes 272-3). The point where this notion contrasts is in the nature of their role. This was a great article. This stealthy action stands in direct contrast to a particular instance in February where demonstrators avoided blocked bridges in the city by crossing the frozen Neva River in mass numbers out in the open. Pipes, Richard. Learn more about the Russian Revolution … The Revolutions of February and of October differ in many ways, but one can also note various parallels between them. The February Revolution was a largely spontaneous uprising that brought about the abdication of Nicholas II and the end of tsarism in Russia. One can easily assume that frustration was greatest among women under these conditions, which mixed dangerously with the numbers of them that had accumulated while waiting for bread at various bakeries throughout Petrograd. 2.both revolutions were against Russian empire. the same will happen later in Romania, for example. So, what led to the February Revolution? Trade Unions and Other Organisations: After the February revolution, workers were free to form associations and unions. Conflict between Bolsheviks and the Government: Regular conflicts between Bolsheviks and the government weakened the government. It was of gr8 help. In October, that government was overthrown by an extreme socialist party that later became the Communist Party. When the various communications and information centers of Petrograd discussed above were seized by the Bolsheviks, they turned to their final destination, the Winter Palace, where the last of the Provisional Government remained congregated. The Russian revolution took place in 1917 during the World War 1. Chegg home. List two differences between the capitalist and socialist ideas of private property. Only two units were defending the Palace. As a result, the impact of the revolution on Russia was far greater than the impact on France from their revolution. Woman played a major role in both revolutions. By 1917 the bond between… The October Revolution was where the Provisional Government was removed and replaced by the first soviet government that was lead by Vladimir Lenin. Contrary to Soviet propoganda, there was no broadbase of support for the October Revolution. French Revolution and Russian Revolution show enormous differences between them when it comes to their results and the way they operated. They opened the way for the many other frustrated citizens to make a difference in their lives, which was at its worst because of the ongoing war running parallel to the revolutions in Russia. Lenin had learnt a great deal from the previous revolutions - the 1905 and the February. The October revolution produced the communist dictatorship the USSR laboured under for another 70 years. Sometimes the Bolshevik Revolution is referred to as the October Revolution. They then invaded the Winter Palace, where several government ministers were resident. In October, it was a small force of women who allowed the final stage of the revolution to take effect as they were outnumbered by revolutionaries. The catalyst in this precarious situation was the official declaration that bread supplies had run out, leading the women into discontent which set off the revolution of February. shivanya26 shivanya26 1.both revolutions were held in Russia . To put it simply, February was a liberal revolution (if such a concept is possible) whereas October was a socialist revolution. In February, it was a mass of women on the streets of Petrograd who set the demonstrations of the revolution in motion and who managed to outnumber the forces against them. This problem was the result of the unusually harsh winter battering Russia at the time, greatly hindering the function of cargo trains carrying food and fuel. One to one online tution can be a great way to brush up on your History knowledge. Lenin's government shut down the Russian Constiuent Assembly after it had met for only a few hours, ending any hopes of parliamentary democracy in Russia for another 70 years. - the Western countries, including USA, supported in many ways the Bolsheviks in their fights against the whites. Gratitude in the workplace: How gratitude can improve your well-being and relationships Divisions in Sinn Fein were the most important reason for the outbreak of the Irish Civil War in 1922. The other was a "women's brigade" which was made as a propoganda piece to embaress men into enlisting. The aborted Bolshevik takeover in July of that year had taught him the need to act swiftly and what targets to attack. Answer to What are the differences between the February and the October revolutions, for the russian revolution? These riots erupted in Petrograd (now St. Petersburg) on two separate occasions; March 3rd, in what is known as the ‘February revolution’ and November 7th, in what we now called the ‘October revolution’. 2. New York: Oxford University Press, 1982. Have a Free Meeting with one of our hand picked tutors from the UK’s top universities. shivanya26 shivanya26 1.both revolutions were held in Russia . For Higher History, learn how a weak Provisional Government, economic and social problems and growing Bolshevik support led to the October Revolution. Quick note to start- because Russia still used the Julian calender, the "February" and "October" revolutions actually happened in March 1917 and November 1917 respectively. Morover, they did all their best to restrain an opposition of the "whites" after the defeat. Lenin Returns From Exile. What is visual communication and why it matters; Nov. 20, 2020. The workers immediately formed soviets again as in 1905, and peasants began to take action against the landlords, slowly at first, but soon ramping up. Within hours, the Provisional Government had been deposed and its members had either fled or been arrested. The French Revolution took place between 1789 and 1799 AD. Lastly, only one casualty occurred in the capturing of the Winter Pal;ace. In 1917, Russians march against their monarchy over the scarcity of food with riots and strikes. Russian Revolution, two revolutions in 1917, the first of which, in February (March, New Style), overthrew the imperial government and the second of which, in October (November), placed the Bolsheviks in power. To attack the UK ’ s top universities were resident different, but one can also note parallels. Calendar, which had been carrying on for several years been established hundreds... Fled or been arrested powerful parliament, the February revolution was a socialist.... 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